The comprehensive strategy to eradicate illegal coca crops involves three phases, Secretary Mosqueira stated. During the pre-eradication phase, the government intervenes early and strategically with various programs and projects while “strengthening the state presence in the areas of influence.” Aircraft carrier USS George Washington (CVN 73), Carrier Strike Group (CSG) 9, Carrier Air Wing (CVW) 2 and Destroyer Squadron (DESRON) 23 deployed to waters surrounding Latin America and the Caribbean to conduct a bilateral exercise with the Peruvian Navy and Air Force from September 30th through October 3rd as part of Southern Seas 2015, a bilateral exercise that helps regional forces work together to address shared maritime security priorities during a series of cooperative training events and subject matter exchanges. Like Peruvian officials, Colombian authorities are shifting their counter-narcotics strategy toward illegal coca crop substitution and funding the planting of alternative crops, according to President Juan Manuel Santos’ announcement in September 2014. In another example of bi-national cooperation, on December 14, 2015, U.S. Army South opened inaugural Army-to-Army staff talks with Peru in Lima. Armed Forces officials from the two partner nations conducted a series of presentations to discuss topics such as regional security, human resources management, education and training, operational law and Military justice, logistics, health, engineering, Information Operations, civil affairs, peace operations and planning. “We have to emphasize the changes in the economic matrix of the illegal coca areas to reduce to a minimum the commercial value of the coca leaves,” Robles said. “For this, we need to formalize the economy of these areas, incentivize the creation of local productive projects through tax advantages, and reduce the bureaucratic burdens and roadblocks. This will generate economic returns promptly and consistently.” Drug cultivation and refining also harm the environment. In the process of refining cocaine, drug organizations produce about 2 metric tons of waste per hectare of coca, which can negatively impact a region’s hyrdology, soil, and biodiversity. Coca farmers often use toxic pesticides to clear land used to cultivate the drug, which destroys the soil. Drug-cultivating farmers also often dump processed coca leaves near streams, which can harm plants, animals, and fish. However, Secretary Mosqueira and Robles agree on the crucial importance of social programs as part of the short- and long-term development, which includes providing better healthcare and educational opportunities to residents in former coca-growing areas. Robles says there is a need to increase local entrepreneurism and workers’ wages, which will make growing illegal coca less cost-effective for local farmers. Security forces eradicate illegal coca crops during the second phase, destroying seeds that could be used for new plantations and dismantling makeshift labs that drug-trafficking operatives use to process illegal drugs. The two partner nations also work together to protect human rights. For instance, U.S. Southern Command sponsored the second Human Rights Initiative (HRI) Strategic Process Assessment Seminar with the Peruvian Armed forces in February 2015. Neighboring countries also promote substitution alternatives Since 2008, Bolivia’s government has been implementing crop substitution policies as well, creating incentives for growers to cut the production of illegal coca leaves, and substituting some of it with other crops, such as pineapples and bananas. It is also working on developing the infrastructure of coca-producing regions, while allowing the growing of legal coca for chewing or using to make tea. Law enforcement, crop substitution initiatives, and social programs The mark was achieved through logistical and technological support provided by the United States and a comprehensive initiative that provided farmers the option of cultivating alternative crops. The success of the illegal coca eradication programs were “primarily from a comprehensive model of intervention and not an isolated action,” said Ninoska Mosqueira Cornejo, General Secretary for the National Commission for Development and Life without Drugs (DEVIDA). “The goal is to provide sustainability to the reduction of illicit coca plantations while maintaining respect for human rights.” Peru ended 2015 on a positive note, as it eradicated almost 36,000 hectares of coca cultivation, surpassing the government’s goal of wiping out 35,000 hectares of the crop used to make cocaine. President Ollanta Humala, who said security forces typically dismantle 10,000 hectares of the crop annually, announced the achievement during a ceremony on December 13th – two days before the end of the year’s eradication season. By Dialogo January 06, 2016 “Another aspect to highlight was the close international collaboration to our sovereign intervention model,” Secretary Mosqueira continued. Jose Robles Montoya, Director of Policies and Strategy of the Ministry of Defense, agreed, adding that government officials are maintaining vigilance in the fight against drug trafficking and production, an attitude that “received significant logistical and technological contribution and support from the United States.” The government is fighting the illegal coca cultivation problem through a combination of Military and police initiatives, crop substitution programs, social programs, and investment projects that support agricultural entrepreneurship in areas where farmers have cultivated illegal coca. In 2015, these alternative crops, which include cocoa, coffee, and palm oil, generated $270 million for the Peruvian economy, according to DEVIDA. “I think it was important to understand that [drug trafficking] is the main threat to our security,” Robles added. “Therefore, the response of the Peruvian state has been comprehensive and multidimensional.” Cocaine trade impacts society and the environment “Crop substitution is part of the successful Peruvian model of alternative, comprehensive, and sustainable development,” Secretary Mosqueira said. “More than a promising strategy, it is a reality seen in the average of more than 50,000 hectares of legal crops per year; the improvement of more than 1,100 kilometers of neighborhood roads; and the more than 50,000 titles of rural property we will provide during 2016.” Peru and the United States are working together on a number of security issues. For example, in late 2015, the U.S. Navy conducted a bilateral exercise with the Peruvian Navy and Air Force While seeing crop substitution as a plausible and promising strategy, Robles believes there is still plenty to do. “We need to deepen the reforms against corruption in all the entities involved in fighting drug trafficking, the police, the judicial power, and the overseers.” The Shining Path terrorist group finances some of its violent crimes by working with narcotrafficking groups by, for example, protecting cocaine shipments destined for other countries. In addition to the illegal drug trade, organized crime groups also engage in illicit enterprises such as human trafficking, illegal logging, and the theft and sale of valuable Peruvian antiquities. Between all of these illegal activities, organized crime groups in Peru generate between $5 billion and $7 billion annually, giving them the financial power to influence and bribe customs and immigration officials, as well as security forces. In the third phase, authorities provide “short-term activities to ensure food security, basic social infrastructure, and the strengthening of democratic institutionalization and community development,” Secretary Mosqueira said. “This creates the basis for alternative, comprehensive, and sustainable development.” Cooperation with the United States “This important event has plans of action to interchange topics on defense and security as well as the elements we will have to consider to counter new threats to the security of our region,” said Peruvian General de Division Luis Ramos Hume, the chief of staff of the Peruvian Army. “This will allow us to draw conclusions which will enrich and stoke the developments of our institutions.” I hope it’s true In the Republic we need to implement this method such as workshops for youth and adults since in this country even adults have started using for [unintelligible] . A 50 year old man with low-level education cannot get work and what this does is decrease his self esteem and instead of counseling youth, they help them consume Excellent but who keeps oversight so the jungle forests donâ€™t get cut down. No one oversees the emigration of people from the mountains whose objective is to go there to destroy the forests of our jungle whether it be for coca or to pan for gold.
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York A 50-year-old Westhampton woman died after being pinned under her vehicle in Center Moriches over the weekend.Suffolk County police said Jennifer Feuerman was found lying on the ground in front of a home on Bowditch Lane at 7:12 p.m. Saturday.Investigators believe that she had exited her Mercedes while it was still running and in gear when the car backed over her and pinned her under the driver’s side door, authorities said.She was pronounced dead at the scene.Seventh Squad detectives impounded the vehicle, are continuing the investigation and ask anyone who may have witnessed this incident to call them at 631-852-8752.
For all the Latest Sports News News, Cricket News News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps. New Delhi: Shah Rukh Khan-owned Trinbago Knight Riders defeated Barbados Tridents by 9 runs at the Queen’s Park Oval in Port of Spain in the 28th match of the Caribbean Premier League (CPL) 2018. Trinbago Knight Riders piled more misery on the Barbados Tridents and handed them their eighth defeat of the 2018 CPL campaign. Trinbago Knight Riders owner Shah Rukh Khan took to micro-blogging platform Twitter to congratulate the team for their win as they lead the group tables with 7 wins and 2 defeats in 9 matches.ALSO READ: Asia Cup 2018: Know complete schedule, date, timings, match details“Thank u all for the support in Trinidad & Tobago. Missing the action music and madness in the stadium. Well played boys…& @lynny50 hav a safe flt home. @TKRiders keep playing how u play!” wrote Shah Rukh Khan, who is also the owner of Indian Premier League (IPL) side Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR). Riders completed their six-match winning streak with a close win over the Tridents, who are having a poor tournament. The win have ensured Riders of a top-two finish, while Tridents lie bottom of the table.ALSO READ: US Open: Rafael Nadal retires after ‘knee issues’ against del PotroThe group stages of CPL 2018 is nearing its end with a couple of more games left. The top four teams of CPL 2018 are already decided
NBA players express frustration with Trump’s words LATEST STORIES DAY6 is for everybody However, Fajardo’s quest for a record-setting sixth BPC plum is in peril if sixth-seed San Miguel does not make it past the quarterfinals, where it will take on a third-seed Ginebra armed with a twice-to-beat advantage.Meralco swingman Chris Newsome is at distant second with 33.273 SPs after leading the Bolts to the top seed at the end of the eliminations.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’SPORTSFederer blasts lack of communication on Australian Open smogGinebra center Greg Slaughter is at third with 33.091 SPs, San Miguel forward Arwind Santos at fourth with 32.273 SPs, and TNT’s Jayson Castro at fifth with 32.200 SPs.Rounding out the top 10 are Alex Cabagnot of San Miguel (30.273 SPs), Stanley Pringle of GlobalPort (29.444 SPs), Calvin Abueva of Alaska (29.000 SPs), Baser Amer of Meralco (28.900 SPs), and Kevin Alas of NLEX (28.727 SPs). Jake says relationship with Shaina ‘goes beyond physical attraction’ Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles01:42Despite decorated career, June Mar Fajardo is not yet done: ‘I don’t want to be stagnant’00:50Trending Articles02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours Mos Burger to open in Manila; teases with a pop-up MOST READ How to help the Taal evacuees OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson Margot Robbie talks about filming ‘Bombshell’s’ disturbing sexual harassment scene Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netJune Mar Fajardo is once again on pace to etch his name in the history books as he leads the statistical points race for the Best Player of the Conference in the 2017 PBA Governors’ Cup.The 6-foot-10 giant emerged as the top local performer after amassing 37.900 statistical points (SPs) powered by his averages of 18.5 points, 10.0 rebounds, 2.0 blocks, and 1.7 assists.ADVERTISEMENT It’s too early to present Duterte’s ‘legacy’ – Lacson Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Meanwhile, Allen Durham is poised to reclaim the Best Import plum for the season-ending conference after averaging 27.82 points, 19.36 rebounds, 7.09 assists, and 1.18 blocks to amass 61.364 SPs.Chasing him for the award are TNT’s Glen Rice Jr. with 55.625 SPs, Phoenix’s Brandon Brown with 54.500 SPs, Blackwater’s Henry Walker with 53.250 SPs, and GlobalPort’s Murphy Holloway with 53.222 SPs.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next In ‘Jojo Rabbit,’ Comedy and Drama Collide View comments