The Menace, as he is fondly referred, did his bit leading from the front literally and he scored what would be the winning goal in added time of the first half to push the champions to 10 points after six rounds of matches.Gor Mahia Made changes from the squad that drew 1-1 against Mathare United last Sunday, three of them being across the backline. Philemon Otieno was not in the match day squad all together while Joash Onyango and Harun Shakava warmed up alone.They were replaced by Wellington Ochieng, Charles Momanyi and Pascal Ogweno who however could not last the opening half as he was substituted in the 43rd minute after a series of blunders.With Oliech earning a starting role ahead of Jacques Tuyisenge and skippering the side, Francis Mustafa also started up in attack with George ‘Blackberry’ Odhiambo also earning a slot in the starting team after returning from injury.-Oliech lead lineDennis Oliech in action against Posta Rangers at the Kasarani Stadium on January 9, 2019. PHOTO/Raymond MakhayaK’Ogalo started on the front foot and came close in the sixth minute when Francis Kahata’s curling effort from the left rolled over the crossbar.On the other end, Brian Osumba had a brilliant shot from range which went inches over the bar, keeper Fred Odhiambo clearly caught off his guard.Gor continued dominating and in the 12th minute, Kahata rolled in an inviting cross from the left but Odhiambo who was approaching the six yard box could not give it the slightest touch it deserved as he was muscled off the ball by Jockins Atudo.Seven minutes later, Wellington Ochieng’s cross from the right found Mustafa at the edge of the box with the Burundian controlling beautiduly on his chest but the eventual effort on the volley went over the bar.Mustafa had another chance five minutes later when he adjusted his neck superbly to connect to a Kahata cross 10 yards off goal, but the effort angled at the top left corner was just off target.-Momanyi breaks deadlockGor Mahia defender Charles Momanyi wheels away in celebration after converting a goal during their Kenyan Premier League match against Posta Rangers at the Moi Sports Centre Kasarani on January 9, 2018. PHOTO/Timothy OlobuluBut three minutes later, Gor were wheeling away in celebration. Shafik Batambuze’s corner from the right was not dealt with well and Momanyi who was at the goalmouth scrambled it in.Posta keeper Levis Opiyo was injured in the process after being knocked on the head as he went for the corner. After six minutes of stoppage he tried to get on with business but went down again few minutes later, and consequently substituted for Eliud Emase.Immediately after the change, Posta went back level, thanks to a gift of erroneous defending by Ogweno.The former Kariobangi Sharks man’s clearance was poor and blocked, and Brian Osumba race to it on the right.The former Tusker man floated a low cross into the box finding Francis Nambute who tapped in beautifully with a backheel.And immediately he erred, head coach Oktay frantically called down Joachim Oluoch to change and replace him immediately.Ogweno walked out from the extreme end of the pitch and didn’t even join the rest of his mates in the dressing room at half time.-Oliech goalGor Mahia striker Dennis Oliech goes down to celebrate his goal during their Kenyan Premier League match against Posta Rangers at the Moi Sports Centre Kasarani on January 9, 2018. PHOTO/Raymond MakhayaBut, Gor kept the chase with nine minutes added on to the half.And it was only fitting that it was Oliech who would take them back up. The former Harambee Stars captain controlled the ball brilliantly inside the box from an Ochieng cross before shooting past Emase with his weaker left foot for his first goal for K’Ogalo.In the second half, Posta boss John Kamau went in for changes, Joseph Nyaga coming off for Ken Mutembei as he tried to add a bit of physicality in attack.But still, it was Gor who continued dominating the chances. Quarter of an hour into the half, Oliech came close to his second of the evening, but he arrived jus a fraction too late to meet up a weighty cross from Mustafa.Ten minutes later, the striker who was clearly rolling down the years tried his luck with a shot from range but it went wide as he looked to catch keeper Emase off his guard.-Posta chancesGor Mahia midfielder Lawrence Juma vies for the ball with Posta Rangers’ Jerry Santo during their Kenyan Premier League match at the Moi Sports Centre Kasarani on January 9, 2018. PHOTO/Raymond MakhayaOn the other end, Posta too tried to pull in the chances and had Danson Kago force Peter Odhiambo into a good save at his near post off a shot from the right with Momanyi arriving in time to clear the rebound.Despite added pressure late in the game, Posta could not find a way past the watertight K’Ogalo defense.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Dennis Oliech is congratulated by teammates after scoring his first goal for Gor Mahia during a game against Posta Rangers at the Kasarani Stadium on January 9, 2019. PHOTO/Raymond MakhayaNAIROBI, Kenya, Jan 9 – Captain Dennis Oliech opened his Gor Mahia account as the record Kenyan Premier League champions bounced back to winning ways with a 2-1 win over Posta Rangers at the Moi Sports Centre Kasarani on Wednesday evening.Oliech was handed his first start for Gor having come on as a sub over the weekend and was also named the match day captain.
In the hyper-competitive contest to host the 2016 Olympics, Los Angeles’ bid to hold a third Summer Games could come down to its international image, U.S. Olympic Committee officials said Thursday. Los Angeles is one of five semifinal U.S. cities under consideration for the Games, but U.S. Olympic Committee Chairman Peter Ueberroth said the panel wants to choose a city that will sway a majority of the 120-member International Olympic Committee. “Los Angeles is an exciting city, this whole region is an exciting place to be. But it all gets down to 60 votes, just 60 votes,” he said, citing the number of IOC votes needed for a city to win its bid. The U.S. panel this week has been touring cities vying to host the Games – Houston, Chicago, Philadelphia, Los Angeles and San Francisco – and Ueberroth said it ultimately will poll foreign countries where IOC voters live to gauge which city gets the strongest positive response. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREBasketball roundup: Sierra Canyon, Birmingham set to face off in tournament quarterfinalsSeveral international cities also are seeking to host the 2016 Games, and Ueberroth said the U.S. committee won’t make a bid if it doesn’t think a U.S. city has a shot at winning. Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa and a team of business and political leaders met with the panel for two hours Thursday and Villaraigosa said he touted the city’s infrastructure, diversity and past Olympic experience. “We extolled the virtues of this great city,” Villaraigosa said. “We have most of the venues already built out for the Olympics. We have a huge fan base here. There’s a great tradition of sports here in Southern California that is different from any other city.” The mayor said L.A.’s presentation focused on the city’s international flavor, with large immigrant communities and 130 different languages spoken. That might help the city – and the USOC – in a competition to woo the International Olympics Committee. The United States has struggled to win IOC votes in recent years. New York City garnered just 13 votes for the 2012 competition, which ultimately went to London. “I think Los Angeles will play well in international polling,” said Mike Shires, an assistant professor at the Pepperdine School of Public Policy. Los Angeles has a strong public-relations outreach through Hollywood, and memories largely have faded of the riots following the videotaped police beating of Rodney King. Plus, Shires said, L.A. gained enormous good will with the Olympic community after it hosted the 1984 Summer Games. “It was one of those games that everybody wished they could have had,” he said. Officials also already know that international travelers like L.A. because it’s the country’s second-most-popular tourist destination – after New York City – and a major immigration center. “I think it’s without question they would see this as an advantage to attendance-building and community acceptance, and to the willingness of the community to open itself up to accepting the Games,” said Michael Collins, executive vice president of LA Inc., the city’s convention and visitors bureau. Still, the global community and the Olympic member countries might not look favorably on U.S. politics and business culture right now, said David Carter, executive director of the Sports Business Institute at the University of Southern California. “The question is how will the International Olympic Committee view any of the five potential cities? Is there so much disdain for us now that it doesn’t matter which city is put forth?” In its meeting Thursday with L.A. officials, the U.S. Olympic Committee outlined city requirements, challenges of the bidding process and the importance of a strong partnership between the city and the USOC. The mayor’s delegation included billionaire investor Ronald W. Burkle, Panda Express founder Andrew Cherng, Councilman Bernard Parks, California Assembly Speaker Fabian Nu ez and Tim Leiweke, who heads Anschutz Entertainment Group, which owns Staples Center. The committee will decide in the summer of 2007 which city to recommend for consideration by the International Olympic Committee – if the USOC decides to bid at all. Each country can nominate only one city, and the IOC’s choice is expected in the summer of 2009. Ueberroth noted L.A. has some deficiencies, but he wouldn’t elaborate on them or reveal bid requirements other than to say city efforts must be privately funded. “We don’t want to impact the taxpayer,” he said. L.A. leaders wouldn’t offer an estimated price tag for the Games, saying it was too early to speculate. Barry Sanders, chairman of the Southern California Committee for the Olympic Games, said the cost of the bid alone could run between $10 million and $20 million – all raised by private donations. Sanders said the Games themselves likely would cost less for L.A. than other cities because of its existing sports facilities. “We don’t need to build buildings. We have some, a very few, that we would have to build, but it would be a fraction of that cost.” [email protected] (213) 978-0390160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
The ‘Ceol le Chéile’ Donegal Intergenerational Choir was flying the flag for Donegal at the National Age Friendly Awards yesterday at Croke Park.The choir scooped the ‘Age Friendly Active & Healthy Aging Award’ for their successful efforts in bringing generations together through music.Eight category awards were presented on Thursday evening to groups who take an innovative and creative approach to making Ireland a great place in which to grow old. The Donegal Intergenerational choir was established in February 2018 as an action of the Donegal Age Friendly Strategy to provide social participation opportunities for older people and to promote intergenerational, social inclusion and cross-community activity between young people and older people in County Donegal.Ceol le Cheile Intergenerational Choir on stage at An Grianan Theatre on Sunday 1st August 2019 with special guest Moya Brennan.The project is led by the Social Inclusion Unit of Donegal County Council, and supported by the HSE, Letterkenny Institute of Technology, Creative Ireland, Healthy Ireland and Local Link. Designed initially as a health and wellness project, the initiative has delivered substantially on this objective. Research has indicated that participation in this choir has helped older people who are dealing with health issues including dementia, depression and mobility issues and many of the young people have been assisted with confidence and anxiety problems. Participants in the project range from age eight to people who are in their eighties. Donegal Intergenerational Choir, winners in Age Friendly Active and Healthy Ageing category pic.twitter.com/2CGIrwpJUq— Age Friendly Ireland (@AgeFriendlyIrl) November 14, 2019The project has been delivered in a way that provides participation opportunities and access to health and wellbeing support, performances to date have included Earagail Arts Festival, Donegal Bay and Bluestacks Festival, Connecting for Life Conference, TILDA seminar, and a programme of Christmas shows. For the remainder of 2019 the choir are scheduled to perform at the Pan Celtic festival, Earagail Arts Festival, Culture Night as well as visiting Residential and Day Care Centres throughout the County. Proud moments as Ceol le Chéile choir wins Age Friendly Award was last modified: November 15th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
Though Cousins remains sidelined with a left Achilles … NEW YORK — DeMarcus Cousins hasn’t even played a game yet wearing a Warriors uniform. But the four-time All-Star still managed to have his first ejection of the year.Cousins was tossed with 2:28 left in the first quarter after being given a technical foul. It was not immediately clear what led to the technical.Boogie got ejected… from the bench pic.twitter.com/ZxMk3JjGZR— Bleacher Report (@BleacherReport) October 27, 2018
“It sucks … The Warriors’ Draymond Green was in mourning Monday for a friend who died over the weekend after being hit by a train in Albion, Michigan. Zachary Winston, 19, a student and basketball player at Albion College, intentionally stepped in front of the train, the Detroit Free Press reported, via the Battle Creek Enquirer.Zachary Winston’s brother Cassius plays for Michigan State, Green’s alma mater.CLICK HERE if you are having a problem viewing the video on a mobile device
Current Biology usually interviews a scientist for each issue. In the October 14 issue,1 the subject was Dyche Mullins, a molecular biologist at UC San Francisco. His story of how evolution was taught in high school should make teachers and parents take notice. After the usual anecdotal fluff about what kind of cookies he likes and what bicycles he prefers, Mullins was asked what turned him on to biology after so many years (he did not become interested till graduate school).Good question. In part, it was the way I was taught biology in high school. My teachers refused to teach anything about evolution. In fact, the only time I remember hearing the ‘E’ word in high school was when we dissected frogs. After explaining to a room full of queasy kids how understanding the anatomy of a frog could help us understand the basics of human anatomy, the teacher paused thoughtfully and said, “Now I’m not talking about evolution here, so don’t go home and tell your parents that I’m teaching evolution”. And that was it. The rest of high school biology was just a collection of evidence supporting Dobzhansky’s claim that “Nothing in biology makes sense except in light of evolution”. We collected insects and looked at pine cones, and we had a hamster that we taught to go to the bathroom through a hole in the side of its cage. That was pretty much it. Biology seemed more like an eccentric hobby than a coherent body of knowledge. Mercifully, we were spared any discussion of ‘Intelligent Design’…. I started reading more deeply in biology and realized just how flawed my early education had been. I read Darwin and I discovered T.H. Morgan and Max Delbr�ck and the Phage Group. The only advantage of coming to biology so late was that I found almost everything that I learned new and exciting. Reading about solving the genetic code, thirty years after the fact, made me as excited as if it was happening at that moment, in a lab down the hall. I was astounded by the calcium ATPase: a single molecule that can discriminate, with remarkable specificity, between similar divalent cations and use chemical energy to pump calcium against a 10,000-fold concentration gradient.In the ellipsis, Mullins had described his educational diversion into physics and mathematics. Apparently his teachers on those subjects did a better job, because he dove into them headlong with gusto. What made him turn back to biology was seeing living systems for the first time as computer-controlled machinery:To my engineer’s mind, a living cell was now just a complex, feedback-controlled system. I could imagine writing equations to describe biochemical pathways, cellular functions, and, eventually, entire living cells. Nowadays this kind of thinking would be called ‘systems biology’. And while it is not exactly the way I approach biological problems in my lab now, it was the kind of thinking that made biology intelligible to me.When outside the lab, Dyche takes off the white coat. You can watch him ham it up with comedy country blues boys on YouTube, singing, “Man of Constant Sorrow.”1. Q&A, “Dyche Mullins,” Current Biology, Volume 18, Issue 19, 14 October 2008, pages R895-R896, doi:10.1016/j.cub.2008.07.056.Biology teachers should have constant sorrow, too after reading this story. This is how to turn a bright young inquiring mind into a self-contradicting smart aleck. Can’t this blues boy realize that complex, feedback-controlled systems don’t just happen? This man of constant sorrow can stare at intelligent design right in front of his face, like that biological machine that “can discriminate, with remarkable specificity, between similar divalent cations and use chemical energy to pump calcium against a 10,000-fold concentration gradient,” and turn right around and praise Darwin and Dobzhansky. Step back a second and realize how insane this is. This same dude would never step into a computer room and insult the designers, but can stare at even more complex systems and call them cobbled jumbles of time and chance. It’s enough to make you want to yank his beard and knock on his skull and ask, “Anybody home?” (Caution: Do NOT do that to anybody except yourself, women and obsessive shavers excepted.) The interviewer, as usual for Current Bilge, just slurps it all up like fine whine. Teachers: pay attention. You cannot solve the creation-evolution controversy by ignoring it. This does more harm than good. Students want answers. They are curious about evolution. Those from religious homes may be worried about it, while those from secular humanist homes may have moms and dads ready to sue. You cannot push this subject off. One cannot understand modern history or science without understanding Darwin. The next Dyche Mullins in your classroom will remember how you sloughed off the subject as if it were taboo, then a Darwin dogmatist in college will sweep him off his feet with visions of the alluring explanatory power of evolution. In private or home schools, the solution is simple: teach all about Darwinism – all its strengths and weaknesses, the stuff the textbooks leave out. In public schools, the courts and the school boards have often become so paranoid they will try to persecute or dismiss any teacher who teaches scientific facts about Darwin, like they did to Roger DeHart. Sometimes the thought police go after not what you say, but what they think your motivation is. You have to know your principal, your state, and your school board. Thankfully some states are passing academic freedom laws. Many teachers have found the right way to present Darwinism honestly without dogmatism. Who could fault that? Science is supposed to be the opposite of dogmatism! Don’t expect all parents and school boards to be rational, though, on this hot topic; the Discovery Institute can provide valuable help for negotiating the fine legal lines involved. Whether public or private or home school teacher, your goal is to help students become familiar with the evolutionary theory in its historical, political and scientific contexts; to understand the arguments Darwin and his critics have made, and while at the same time to develop critical thinking skills to be able to separate dogmatic claims from scientific evidence. Let’s use this entry also to cogitate on the nature of science. We tend to pigeonhole subjects into watertight categories: a scientist is someone who does science, and science is what scientists do. Is that necessarily the case? When Mullins is clowning around with the country band, is he doing science then, just because he is a scientist by profession? Obviously not. All right, then; is he doing science from the moment he steps into the Science Building on campus till the moment he goes home? Maybe some of the time. Not on coffee breaks. But then, maybe some flash of scientific insight will come to him when he gazes at the swirls of cream in his cup. Is it when he is writing a proposal or scientific paper? Is it when he is tediously jotting down readings in his lab book while his mind is on the American League championships? Is it anything he does because he belongs to a professional scientific society, while the bird watcher outside does not? These questions help to dissolve prejudices about The Scientist. For Dyche’s view on what makes a person a good scientist, let’s look at his answer to the last question about what advice he would give a student seeking a career in biology. Get ready for a surprise.Advice is a tricky thing. When I started my lab I picked out a set of mentors: three successful scientists to whom I ran with all my vexing questions. I soon found that, no matter what the question, I always got three different (and often contradictory) pieces of advice. One of those pieces of advice, however, usually resonated more than the others and that’s the one I would follow. So my advice would be to get as much advice as you can from as many different sources as possible. And remember that much of it will be bad advice, or at least bad advice for you, even if the source is an eminent and successful scientist. You need to trust your instincts. As Andrew Murray once told me, “Think about all the scientists you know. No two of them approach a problem in the same way. No two of them run their labs the same way. And no two successful scientists are successful for the same reason.”Notice something interesting: this is all about intuition. You thought that science is following the scientific method. Here, Mullins is saying that science is all about instinct! Then you and me are scientists whenever we listen to a lot of advice, discard the advice that doesn’t “resonate,” and trust our instincts. You can imagine a lawyer or hunter or coach giving the same advice to his students. What scientific method is Mullins following when he gathers as much advice as he can, then trusts his instincts? Certainly a politician can do that. Notice he said that no two of them [scientists] approach a problem in the same way, run their labs the same way, or are successful for the same reason. There is no one way to do science! A corollary is that anybody who gets good advice and trusts his instincts has just as much right to call himself a scientist as Mullins does, because there is no method, or process, or secret formula that makes what Mullins does more scientific than what any other careful investigator does. Oh, but you may be thinking, Mullins has a degree in science. He passed all the educational requirements. He joined a scientific society. He is smart, well trained and experienced: this grants him membership in The Science Guild. That may be all well and good, but we repeat the question: when is he doing science, and when is he not doing science? We remind our readers that some of the greatest scientists in history never went through those qualifications. They learned at home or from personal experience. They were mavericks and outsiders. Some were scorned by the Science Guild in their day – and not vindicated till after they died. Should they be classed as non-scientists because they were outside the Guild? Of course not. Science only became highly professionalized and institutionalized in relatively recent times. The word “scientist” did not even exist till William Whewell coined the term in 1832. Science is one of those vague words that means too little by attempting to stand for too much. Are we to grant the same prestige to political science and economic science as we do to physics? How about the far-out theoretical physics that still has no observational evidence? Is psychology science? Science of mind? Scientology? Clearly some distinctions are in order! In the original sense of the word, science means knowledge. The word requires no set method, schooling or membership. Knowledge welcomes all seekers and rejects some SINOs (scientists in name only). While we should respect the degree of rigorous education that professional scientists have mastered, and the experience they have gained, and any useful or enduring findings they have made, we should keep these distinctions in mind. When Dyche Mullins dismissively disparages intelligent design while staring it in the face in a cell, he is not doing science: he is doing ridicule. When he falls in love with Darwin but never studies the problems and contrary arguments, he is taking things on authority. He deserves no more respect for uninformed opinions than a cultist or gambler. Don’t respect a scientist when he acts unscientifically, and don’t ignore a person lacking a PhD in Science when he seeks knowledge in an honest, systematic, informed way. A lay person with common sense on the right track may achieve more science (knowledge) than a professional pursuing a wrong track. Being a professional scientist does not grant legitimacy to whatever that person does or says that is not observable, testable, and repeatable. And knowledge is certainly a goal that any honest observer in search of the truth can hope to attain.(Visited 37 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
by David F. CoppedgeAudio Playerhttps://crev.info/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Coppedge-DogBreeding-with-intro-tail.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.People have loved (or hated) dogs for thousands of years. Dogs were frowned upon as dirty scavengers in Biblical times, but for many centuries more recently, they have been man’s best friend. Because of their usefulness for hunting and herding, people groups around the world have bred individuals to accentuate traits they desired. A new survey of 160 dog breeds, described in Nature, shows that genetics is now allowing scientists to untangle the complicated lineages of different types.In a study published on 25 April in Cell Reports, scientists examined the genomes of 1,346 dogs to create one of the most diverse maps produced so far tracing the relationship between breeds. The map shows the types of dog that people crossed to create modern breeds and reveals that canines bred to perform similar functions, such as working and herding dogs, don’t necessarily share the same origins. The analysis even hints at an ancient type of dog that could have come over to the Americas with people thousands of years before Christopher Columbus arrived in the New World.The results were surprising to those who expected breeds with similar traits to be related. That wasn’t necessarily the case. If different tribes on different continents bred their dogs for similar functions, the genetic lineages would differ, even if the resulting dogs had similar abilities.“You would never be able to find something like this with cows or cats,” says Wayne, “We haven’t done this kind of intense deliberate breeding with anything but dogs.”“I think our view of the formation of modern dog breeds has historically been one-dimensional,” says Bob Wayne, an evolutionary biologist at the University of California, Los Angeles. “We didn’t consider that the process has a deep historical legacy.”That extends to what was probably the first period of domestication for canines in hunter-gatherer times. Ostrander and Parker think that dog breeds underwent two major periods of diversification. Thousands of years ago, dogs were selected for their skills, whereas a few hundred years ago, the animals were bred for physical traits.“You would never be able to find something like this with cows or cats,” says Wayne, “We haven’t done this kind of intense deliberate breeding with anything but dogs.”Only in recent centuries have people bred dogs for their looks instead of their abilities (think highly-groomed pink poodles at dog shows). The BBC News adds more details about the study:They identified 23 clusters (clades) of dog breeds that are all similar to each other.You can now tell where different dog breeds came from – and the diseases they are prone to, they say.For example, gun dogs all seem to have developed in one place and time – Victorian England.“All of the spaniels, the pointers, the setters and the retrievers are actually pretty closely-related and they group into one over-arching clade [cluster] of sporting breeds,” said Dr Parker.However, other dogs that appear to be similar – such as herding dogs – are actually quite diverse, suggesting they were bred to fill certain roles many times in history in different places over the course of thousands of years.The diversity between today’s dog breeds surely must strike one as remarkable: the St. Bernard vs the chihuahua, the dachschund vs the greyhound. Yet all of them share many traits of dogness in common: turning around before lying down, panting, barking. Although it might be difficult to demonstrate, they are all interfertile, too, indicating they are one species. Enough cross-breeding would probably make them revert to wild type, like the wolf from which all are thought to be descended. The mark of artificial selection – a form of intelligent design – is found throughout all dog breeds.Humans Smell Good, Tooour sense of smell is similar to that of other mammalsWe often think of dogs as experts in olfaction (sense of smell). That’s demonstrably true; it’s why police use bloodhounds to find their man. But the notion that human olfaction is inferior to that of dogs and other mammals is a myth, reports John P. McGann in Science Magazine. The introduction explains:In comparison to that of other animals, the human sense of smell is widely considered to be weak and underdeveloped. This is, however, an unproven hypothesis. In a Review, McGann traces the origins of this false belief back to comparative 19th-century neuroanatomical studies by Broca. A modern look at the human olfactory bulb shows that it is rather large compared with those of rats and mice, which are presumed to possess a superior sense of smell. In fact, the number of olfactory bulb neurons across 24 mammalian species is comparatively similar, with humans in the middle of the pack, and our sense of smell is similar to that of other mammals.S. Craig Roberts shares the same story in The Conversation: “It’s a myth that humans’ sense of smell is inferior to that of other animals – here’s why.” Then Live Science uses pun fun for its headline: “People Smell Great! Human Sniffers Sensitive as Dogs’.” There’s a topic for water-cooler conversation, and perhaps a fun science project for Junior to undertake with the family dog.Charles Darwin made a big deal out of artificial selection as an analogue to natural selection, but that’s a false comparison. The former is intelligent design, for one thing; it’s like comparing a sand castle to ripples on a beach. Both are made of sand, but you will never get a sand castle by unguided natural processes. A second problem is that the breeds are still the same animal. Pigeons are pigeons. Dogs are dogs. Cattle are cattle. As we saw, all bears are probably genetically related (4/24/17). These cases of ‘micro-evolution’ have never been demonstrated to cross the genetic barriers into a new higher-level taxon, like an order or family, let alone a new genus or species. Creationists often use dog breeds as an example of variation within a created kind. Nothing in these news articles changes their assertion that God put a lot of inherent variability into the groupings that reproduce ‘after their kind’, as Genesis repeats ten times for emphasis. Environments (such as temperature or elevation) will accentuate certain traits at the expense of others. Human breeders can accentuate them to extremes. But a dog will never become a cat, and a wolf will never become a whale, because those kinds of animals have different genomes. Nevertheless, a significant amount of variation within created kinds undoubtedly occurred between creation and the Flood, and after the genetic bottleneck of the Flood. We might barely recognize the animals that came off the ark. That’s not evolution as Darwin envisaged it; it’s the sorting out of genetic information within groups that reproduce ‘after their kind.’For more on creation answers to variability, search for articles on baraminology, the creation science of genetic processes and taxonomical principles that affect created kinds. Baramin is taken from the Genesis word for ‘kind.’ That’s not any more contrived than ‘species’, a word that also originally reflected the word kind. So be kind with humankind. Don’t make an issue of the terminology when there is none.Audio Playerhttps://crev.info/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Coppedge-DogBreeding-with-intro-tail.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume.(Visited 711 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Die Stadte sind gewachsen, viel Land wurde der Landwirtschaft zugeteilt, mit der Jagd wurden ganze Herden ausgeloscht und die Zeiten, in denen eine Springbockherde tagelang durch eine Karoo Stadt hindurchziehen konnte, sind lange vorbei.Und dennoch bleibt Sudafrika gesegnet mit einem Überfluss an Wildtieren, dank der Voraussicht von Naturschutzern in der Vergangenheit und Gegenwart.Die großen funfDie grossen KatzenWeniger bekannte WildtiereÜber 200 Arten von SaugetierenMeeressauger und FischeDas Krokodil…und andere ReptilienVogelweltDie großen funfAm bekanntesten sind die Saugetiere, und die bekanntesten davon sind die beruhmten großen funf: Elefant, Lowe, Rhinozeros, Leopard und Buffel. Nicht dass Giraffe, Flusspferde oder Wale etwa klein waren…Sudafrika’s Bushveld und Savannenregionen sind immer noch die Heimat einer großen Zahl von Saugetieren, die allgemein mit Afrika verbunden werden. Der Kruger National Park hat alleine uber 10.000 Elefanten und 20.000 Buffel – in 1920 waren nur schatzungesweise 120 Elefanten in ganz Sudafrika ubrig.Weisse Nashorner sind ebenfalls vor dem Aussterben gerettet worden und gedeihen nun mit sowohl im Kruger als auch im Hluhluwe Umfolozi Park in KwaZulu-Natal. Das Augenmerk ist derzeit auf die Erhaltung des schwarzen Nashorn gerichtet.Beide Parkts bieten den großen Funf eine Heimat, wie auch andere großere Schutzgebiete in Sudafrika – wie z. B. Pilanesberg in der Provinz North West – und zahlreiche kleinere Schutzgebiete und private Jagdhutten.Die grossen KatzenSie haben nicht nur den hochsten Rang auf der Raubtierleiter inne, Lowen sind auch top im Glamourfaktor. Traurigerweise haben sie im Menschen einen schrecklichen Feind, der sie aus weiten Teilen des Landes verjagt hat, so dass sie fast nur noch in Naturschutzgebieten vorkommen.Der schone Leopard uberlebt in einem großeren Gebiet, in großen Teilen des Sudkaps und weit im Norden des Landes, obwohl die Zahlen in einigen Gebieten niedrig sind.Die dritte der beruhmten Großkatzen ist besonders faszinierend. Der Gepard schlagt sie alle in Geschwindigkeit, mit einer Sprintgeschwindigkeit von nahezu 100 kmh. Dennoch ist die Gepardenpopulation vergleichsweise klein, gefahrdet durch die Verluste aus Raubtierangriffen auf ihre Jungen, und beschrankt sich weitgehend auf den hohen Norden (inkl. dem Kruger National Park), dem Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park am Nordkap, und Reservaten in KwaZulu-Natal und der North West Provinz.Weniger bekannte WildtiereAndere vollkommen afrikanische Großtiere sind Flusspferde, Giraffen, Kudus, (die beruhmten Wildebeest) Gnus und Zebras, alle haufig Sudafrika’s Naturschutzgebieten zu sehen.Erweitertes Bewußtsein hat ein gesteigertes Wertschatzung weniger bekannter Tiere bewirkt. Eine Sichtung der seltenen Leierantilope (einer Verwandten des Gnus) kann ebensoviel Begeisterung hervorrufen wie der Anblick eines Lowenrudels, das sich unter einem Bushveld Dornenbaum rakelt. Und obwohl man einen Elefanten in der Nahe wohl kaum ubersehen kann, braucht man schon gute Augen, um die scheue kleine waldbewohnende Suni Antilope (Livingstone’s Antilope) zu erspahen und man darf sich in jedem Fall selbst gratulieren.Auf dem wirklich kleinen Maßstab konnte man sich der Herausforderung stellen und alle der sieben Arten von Russelspringern in Sudafrika abhaken – eine Aufgabe, die einen durch das ganze Land fuhren wurde und wahrscheinlich eine sehr lange Zeit in Anspruch nehmen wurde.Über 200 Arten von SaugetierenMit mehr als 200 Arten ist der Begriff kurzer Ausblick bei Sudafrika’s einheimischen Saugetieren ein Widerspruch in sich. Ein paar Beispiele genugen, um die Bandbreite anzudeuten.Im Bereich Attraktivitat liegen die Primaten weit oben. In Sudafrika gehoren die nachtaktiven Buschbabies dazu, die grune Meerkatze und die Weißkehlmeerkatze, Tchakma Paviane, die sich – ermutigt von unverantwortlichen Futterungen und unter dem Druck, ihren Lebensraum zu verlieren – unbeliebt gemacht haben durch Raubzuge durch die Hauser an der Kap Halbinsel.Klippenschliefer (Hyraxe, Bewohner felsiger Lebensraume) und Erdmannchen (Suricate, bekannt durch ihre aufrechte Alarmhaltung) haben enormen Reiz, obwohl die Klippenschliefer ein Problem fur die Landwirtschaft darstellen konnen.Das zuruckhaltende nachtaktive Erdferkel (das Ameisen frisst und das einzige Mitglied der Ordnung Tubulidentata ist) und der Erdwolf (der Termiten frisst und mit den Hyanen verwandt ist) sind zwei weitere reizvolle Geschopfe, und man findes sie sozusagen uberall im Land.Und fur diejenigen, die ihre Erdsaugetiere feucht mogen, gibt es den weitverbreiteten Kapotter, der sowohl in Frischwasser als auch im Meerwasser herumschwimmt. Der Fleckenhalsotter hat ein eingeschrankteres Revier. Beide sind jedoch selten und schwierig zu finden.Ein Saugetier, dessen Anziehungskraft sich erst neu herausgestellt hat, ist der afrikanische Wildhund oder Hyanenhund, eines der gefahrdesten Saugetiere Afrika’s. Einst irrtumlich als wahllose Killer verunglimpft, mittlerweile aber geschatzt wegen des okologischen Wertes und ihrem bemerkenswert fursorglichen Familienverhalten im Rudel, brauchen Wildhunde ein großes Revier. Ein einziges Rudel braucht durchschnittlich mehrere hundert quadratkilometer.Sie finden sich in kleinen Zahlen in Kruger Nationalpark und Umgebung, im nordlichen KwaZulu-Natal (einschließlich Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Park), in der Kalahari, und im Madikwe Schutzgebiet in der North West Provinz.Verbreitere Canide sind Hyanen, Schakale und Loffelhunde. Neben den bereits erwahnten Katzen gibt es noch den Karacal mit seinen charakteristischen gepinselten Ohren, die afrikanische Wildkatze und den seltene Schwarzfußkatze. Weitere Fleischfresser sind Zibetkatze, Ginsterkatze und einige Mungoarten.Die Pflanzenfresser sind besonders gut vertreten durch verschiedene Antilopen, vom kleinen Kronenducker bis zu den großen Kudus und den außerordentlich schonen Rappenantilopen, die nur in den nordlichsten Gebieten zu finden sind.Aber die Saugetiere schwingen sich auch in die Lufte: Sudafrika ist reich bestuckt mit Fledermausarten.Meeressauger und FischeUnd sie begeben sich auch ins Wasser. Das großte Saugetier von allen – in Sudafrika wie auch der Welt – ist der Blauwal, der eine Große von 33 Metern erreichen kann.Aber von den acht Walarten, die in sudafrikanischen Wassern gefunden werden (inkl. dem aufregenden schwerz-weiße Schwertwal), ist es der Sudkaper, der am haufigsten von Menschen beobachtet wird. Dieses beeindruckende Geschopf kommt in die Kustenbuchten um zu kalben, wobei man sie hervorragend vom Land aus beobachten kann.Der Sudkaper steht fur eine der Erfolgsgeschichten des Naturschutz’s. Einst zum “richtigen” Wal fur die Jagd erkoren wurde ihr Bestand derart dezimiert, dass sie zu den geschutzten Arten zugeordnet wurden. Mit großerer Vertrautheit, bedingt durch ihre Ruckkehr in die Kustenbuchten, sind sie nun genauso beliebt wie die viele Delphine in unseren Kustengewassern.Sudafrika verfugt auch uber einen großen Fischartenreichtum. Der wohl beeindruckenste ist der große weiße Hai, er ist aber nur einer von mehr als 2.000 Arten, die 16% der Arten in der ganzen Welt darstellen. Verschiedene Fangfische, Langusten und Seeohren sind von besonderem Interesse fur Gourmets, wahrend Hochseefische (Sardinen und Pilcharde) von großem wirtschafltichen Wert sind.Das Krokodil…und andere ReptilienNicht so reichlich bestuckt mit Frischwasserfischen – 112 bekannte Arten, lediglich 1.3% des Weltanteils – hat Sudafrika dennoch einen Flußbewohner, der im gleichen Maße wie die Großen Funf ein Symbol Afrika’s ist. Das Krokodil beherrscht immer noch einige Teile von Flussen und Flussmundungen, Seen und Teichen, und fordert auch gelegentlich noch ein Menschenopfer.Andere bemerkenswerte Wasserreptilien sind die Kabarettschildkroten und Lederschildkroten, die durch die Seen ziehen, sie sind Schwerpunkt großerer Naturschutzbemuhungen der Gemeinden, die ihre Nistplatze an der nordlichen KwaZulu-Natal Kuste schutzen.Zu Sudafrika’s Landreptilien zahlen seltene Schildkroten und die faszinierenden Chamaleone. Es gibt weit mehr als 100 Schlangenarten. Und wahrend etwa die Halfte, einschließlich Pythons, ungiftig sind, sind es andere – wie die Puffotter, die grune und schwarze Mamba, die Boomslang und die Ringhalskobra – ganz bestimmt.Das vergleichsweise trockene Klima des Landes ist verantwortlich fur die relativ geringe Zahl an Amphibien – 84 Arten. Als Ausgleich dafur glanzt Sudafrika mit uber 77.000 Arten von wirbellosen Tieren.VogelweltVogelkundler aus der ganzen Welt kommen nach Sudafrika um die große Vielfalt typisch afrikanischer Vogel, Zugvogel und (nur in Sudafrika) heimische Vogel zu erleben.Mehr als 850 Arten in etwa wurden bisher in Sudafrika erfasst, ungefahr 725 sind ortsansassig oder kommen jahrlich zu Besuch, und etwa 50 davon sind einheimisch oder quasi einheimisch.Abgesehen von den ansassigen Vogeln, halten sich in Sudafrika auch eine Reihe von intra-afrikanischen Zugvogeln wie Kuckucke und Eisvogel, wie auch arktische, europaische, zentralasiatische und antarktische Vogel wahrend des Jahres auf.Die sudafrikanische Vogelwelt reicht vom Strauß – der in Farmen im Kreis Oudtshoorn am Westkap gezuchtet wird, aber in wilder Form zumeist im Norden des Landes zu sehen ist – bis zu so auffallenden Arten wie dem Nashornvogel und dem allgegenwartigen kleinen braunen Cistensanger.Nur ein kleines Gebiet um die Stadt Vryheid herum in nordlichen KwaZulu-Natal, bietet Sumpf, Grunland, Thornveld und sowohl berg- als auch flussartigen Wald, und etwa 380 Arten wurden hier erfasst.Ein Vogelkundler muss sich nicht einmal aus einem typischen Gauteng Garten herausbewegen um Graularmvogel, Mausvogel, Wiedehopf, Hagedashe, Halsband- oder Haubenbartvogel, Kapbrillenvogel, Kurrichane zu sehen… oder einen einsamen Tiputip, der linkisch um einen Baum herum stochert. Und damit ware die Liste keinesfalls schon beendet.Zu den spektakularsten Vogeln Sudafrika’s zahlen die Kraniche, die am besten in den Supfen gefunden werden – obwohl der Klunkerkranich so selten ist, dass eine Sichtung schon viel Gluck erfordert. Der wunderschone Paradieskranich ist der Nationalvogel von Sudafrika; der Kronenkranich ist wahrscheinlich der auffalligste von den dreien mit seinem unverkennbaren markanten Kamm.Unter den großeren Vogelarten hat Sudafrika auch einige Adler und Geier zu bieten. Zu den farbenprachtigsten zahlen die Eisvogel, Bienenfresser, Nektarvogel, die exquisite Gabelracke, der Helmturako und der Glanzhaubenturako.Quelle: South African Tourism
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest As an outdoor writer and radio show host, I get the opportunity to “field test” new gear on a regular basis. I did just that during the recent deer firearms season with a product called Stand-Guard offered by Cleveland-based Spencer Gear LLC (www.motorcyclin.io). Stand-Guard is a collapsible dummy designed to be placed in a treestand when it’s not occupied by a hunter. The intention is to offer the appearance of a hunter-sized-and-shaped object “manning” the stand 24/7 to allow the local whitetail population to become used to seeing something up there, and not suffering any adverse consequence — such as an arrow through the lungs. At least until a real hunter shows up to replace the fake form.The Stand-Guard also serves as a distant visual warning to other hunters that the stand is “occupied.” At least to those not bold enough to walk close enough to identify it as a fake — and hunters carrying binoculars who can see from afar that the form is made of fabric and doesn’t actually resemble a hunter much when viewed up close.It was for that secondary sentinel benefit that, on the weekend before gun week, I hung my blaze orange-camo-clad Stand-Guard field-test sample in a treestand along a fencerow in the “back 40” of a farm where I have permission to bow hunt. The elderly landowner does not allow gun hunting, although his neighbors do, and by placing the hi-vis dummy in my stand I hoped it might help him keep wayward gun hunters off his property that week. Trespassing hunters is an on-going problem for the old-timer, especially during firearms season, and he doesn’t get around as well as he used to in order to patrol his property this time of year.Except, apparently, on bluebird days like we experienced during the recent deer gun week. On one such afternoon, Jim jumped atop his tractor after announcing to his family that he was “taking a spin around the place” and chugged off.Fast forward to the following weekend, when I stopped by the farmhouse to drop off gifts on my way to retrieve the deer-stand dummy. I found Jim working in his shop, and mentioned that I was headed to the far side of the property to fetch the fake — which I had neglected to tell him about.“So that WAS yours!” he bellowed, taking me aback. “When I spotted that guy up there I pulled right up to the tree and started yelling at him that I didn’t allow gun hunting and to get the heck down out of that tree! He ignored me, and I got even madder, yelling that he wasn’t even ‘man’ enough to answer me!“I was hot, I’ll tell you, as mad as I’ve been in years!” Jim continued, as I shrunk in my boots. “About then a breeze blew up and I noticed the fella’ started to flutter.”Following a battery of apologies and explaining what I had done, and why, we shared a good laugh. Me more than Jim, I fear, but I won’t really know until I go knocking on his door for permission next year.Weighing-in on the Lake Erie Wind Farm ProjectSpeaking of breezes, a small wind farm demonstration project in the planning stages, to be located on Lake Erie, eight 10 miles northwest of Cleveland, may be a sign of what the future holds for thousands of acres of Lake Erie waters. Those on different sides of the issue recently weighed in at a public hearing in Cleveland City Council Chamber. The six-turbine, 20.7 megawatt demonstration project is North America’s first freshwater offshore wind project, which includes a plan to build more than 1,000 wind turbines on the Lake.One national organization, with more than 18,000 dues-paying members in Ohio, Boat Owners Association of The United States (BoatUS) is urging recreational boaters to have their voices heard on the Icebreaker Wind project by the state’s utility regulator, Public Utilities Commission of Ohio (PUCO).“We have BoatUS members who see the growth of wind farms as a positive fishing benefit, while others have valid safety concerns,” said David Kennedy, BoatUS Government Affairs Manager. “Regardless, boaters have a right to use these waters, so we’ll need a pragmatic solution to managing these shared resources. No matter which side you are on, Ohio wants to hear your comments, and we urge you to do so.”To provide comments to PUCO, you can go to the Ohio Public Utilities Commission website at opsb.ohio.gov/Contact-Us and fill in the form. On the form “company name” field, enter: “Icebreaker Wind Project Case no. 16-1871-EL-BGN Icebreaker Windpower.”BoatUS has been around for more than half a century and is the nation’s largest organization of recreational boaters with more than a half-million members. Visit boatus.com for more information.
Geocaching.com is excited about introducing “Geocaching Challenges” in the near future. Enjoy this sneak peek at the innovative new way to experience and share location-based adventures around the world on Geocaching.com. More information will be released in the next days. “Geocaching Challenges” is scheduled to launch on Geocaching.com in the next weeks.[vsw id=”4i2DOZo_67U” source=”youtube” width=”425″ height=”344″ autoplay=”no”]Share with your Friends:More SharePrint RelatedGeocaching.com “Action” Challenges – A Sneak PeekAugust 15, 2011In “Community”Geocaching.com Presents: The Geocaching Block Party 2011August 26, 2011In “Community”Geocaching on the Go – Geocaching.com Weekly NewsletterAugust 15, 2012In “Groundspeak’s Weekly Newsletter”